Mark C. Marino

Currently teaching at the University of Southern California, Mark C. Marino has written on chatbots, electronic literature, games, and other new media. He is editor of Bunk Magazine and a collaborator on Writer Response Theory and the Critical Code Studies blog . His personal webpage is

Essays by this author

Critical Code Studies


Entering the ‘cyberdebates’ initiated by Nick Montfort, John Cayley, and Rita Raley, new media scholar Mark Marino proposes that we should analyze and explicate code as a text like any other, ‘a sign system with its own rhetoric’ and cultural embeddedness.

On Twelve Easy Lessons to Better Time Travel


Mark Marino explains Twelve Easy Lessons to Better Time Travel as an allegory of electronic writing, featuring characters that represent salient figures from Alan Turing to Shelley Jackson.

Critical Code Studies Conference - Week One Discussion


What does it mean to apply a “critical” lens to programming code? Members of the CCS Working Group grapple with this and other foundational questions, hashing out the methods, boundaries, and stakes of a new academic field. This essay is part of a series on Critical Code Studies distilled from a six week online discussion.

Critical Code Studies and the electronic book review: An Introduction


Mark C. Marino explains the rationale for the Critical Code Studies Working Group, a six-week experiment in using social media for collaborative academic production. Marino also analyzes the first week’s discussion, which focused on debates about what it means to read “code as text.”