Narrativists vs. ludologists, material vs. formal constraints: Michael Mateas replies by identifying actors' roles in each division.
Literature scholars eager to understand gaming have made early inroads. Markku Eskelinen sets up serious checkpoints.
Markku Eskelinen reiterates the bounds of ludology.
J. Yellowlees Douglas adds more titles to Eskelinen's catalog of limnal games.
"Where is the text in chess?" asks Espen Aarseth. Rules, play, and semiosis are the (un)common ground between games and stories in "interactive narrativism" and the art of simulation.
Dennis Cooper's disorienting novel, The Sluts, complicates reader expectations about subjectivity and identity. As a result, Megan Milks notes that it "is either the most honest or the most dishonest literature I have come across."